The entity that allows people to trade stocks and securities is referred to as a stock exchange market. This is a vehicle in which people can issue or redeem securities or other financial securities or to pay dividends or income from shares. Commonly traded securities on the stock exchange market include pooled investment products, such as the type banks invest in (mutual funds), stocks, company issued shares and commodities.
In order for securities to be traded on a stock exchange market, they need to be listed. The massive electronic network now known as the modern stock exchange market allows for instantaneous sales, purchase and trades.
The modern stock exchange market is based on supply and demand. The more in demand a certain stock is the more valuable it will become. This is how the prices of stocks are determined and may rise or fall, depending upon the demand. There are, of course, other factors that will affect the price of stocks.
Stocks are a way for companies to sell shares in their companies in order to obtain financing to fund the operations of their companies and to expand their business. The people who purchase these stocks are referred to as investors. Once the company is in profit, these profits are paid out to the investors who hold the stocks. The payments that are paid are called dividends.
There are two main ways in which stocks can be traded. One of those ways is in a physical location through verbal trading, but the most common method is electronic trading. There are not many people who actually trade in a physical location anymore, because it is more common and much easier to trade online through a brokerage site. Making trades online means you will pay a fee per trade or you may pay one monthly fee for a certain number of monthly trades.